Public Distribution System (PDS) means the system for distribution of essential commodities to the ration card holders through the fair price shops, such as rice, wheat, levy sugar, edible oils, kerosene and such other commodities as are notified by the Central Government under Clause (a) of Section 2 of the Act. The Department of Food & Consumer Protection, Govt. of Bihar, manage the PDS in all the districts and sub divisional offices of the state for regulating supply and distribution of essential commodities as notified by the Central Govt. with a view to maintain regular supplies of food grains to the targeted beneficiaries under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). The Government Agency i.e. State Food Corporation (SFC) is responsible to undertake the transportation/ lifting of allocated stocks from Food Corporation of India (FCI) and storage at their own godowns. The Fair Price Shop Dealers (FPS), appointed by Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO), lifts the allocated stocks from FCI godowns on their own and form the core of the PDS system that are entrusted with the responsibility of distributing the essential commodities to the consumers attached to the respective fair price depots. Maintaining a close watch on the allotment, off-take and lifting of commodities by the dealers in the State to provide valuable information to the department and facilitate in taking the appropriate timely decisions is one of the major cumbersome task of the department. By automating the area, timely decisions can result in the smooth monitoring of the public distribution system. Technologies like web based system and portals are provided as service delivery to citizens (G2C). Computerization of PDS operations involves standardization and streamlining of PDS activities at the State level which is responsible for defining and developing new set of standards for PDS operations. Accomplishing the above mentioned PDS activities by using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) will yield the desired information in time and will benefit the citizens of the State and in turn bring transparency to the entire system. This also plugs the leakages in the PDS and provides a better and effective controlling mechanism. For achieving end to end computerization of TPDS the department of Food & Public Distribution has identified 4 key components which are required to be implemented as below: 1. Creation and management of digitized beneficiary database 2. Supply Chain Management of TPDS commodities from FCI till Fair Price Shops 3. Sale of TPDS commodities at FPS including identification and authentication of beneficiaries and recording the transactions. 4. Transparency and grievance redressal mechanism. The above computerization of PDS would be implemented in two phases as follows. 1st Phase The Component-1 shall include implementation of modules for identification/ codification of each stakeholder/agency location, sub-module for release and movement of grain from FCI to state godown and than from state godown to FPS by any state agency performing these operation, stock position, module for preparation of allocation order commodity wise from centre to state, state to FPS with consolidations for respective district and block, digitization of ration card and on-line ration card management module, SMS and Grievance redressal modules.

Contact Details

State Informatics Officer
NIC, Bihar State Centre
3rd Floor, Technology Bhawan
Bailey Road, Patna – 800015
Phone No. : 0612-2545964
Email: sio-bih[at]nic[dot]in