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The eCourts Project was conceptualized on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary- 2005” submitted by eCommittee, Supreme Court of India with a vision to transform the Indian Judiciary by ICT enablement of Courts.

The eCourts project provides efficient and time bound, litigant centric, affordable, accessible, cost effective, transparent and accountable justice delivery system. The services under the project cater to all key stakeholders including the Judiciary, the High Courts, the District and Subordinate Courts and the Citizens / Litigants / Lawyers / Advocates. The automation of Case Management has increased the visibility and helps courts in speedier disposal of cases. The centralized portals for Districts and Subordinate courts and High Courts are providing case, orders and judgments information to citizens.

The project envisages:

  • To provide efficient & time-bound citizen centric services delivery as detailed in eCourt Project Litigant’s Charter.

  • To develop, install & implement decision support systems in courts.

  • To automate the processes to provide transparency in accessibility of information to its stakeholders.

  • To enhance judicial productivity, both qualitatively & quantitatively, to make the justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective, predictable, reliable and transparent.

National Judicial Data Grid NJDG (District and Taluka Courts of India) contains data of 13.23 Cr cases (pending and disposed) ensuring statistical inputs to higher authorities for making policy decisions to reduce delay and arrears. Case Information System (CIS) has automated processes like filing, scrutiny, registration, listing, court proceedings, disposal and notice generation.

ePayment service streamlined payment of court fees, fine, penalty and judicial deposits. ePayment portal is integrated with state specific treasury portals like GRAS, eGRAS, JeGRAS, Himkosh, Rajkosh, SBI ePay etc.

National Service and Tracking of Electronic Process (NSTEP) provides electronic mechanism to bailiff by providing PDAs for speedy, transparent and timely delivery of process.

Virtual Courts reduce footfalls in the courts by eliminating the physical presence of violator or advocate in the court thereby saving the precious judicial time. A virtual court can be managed by a judge whose jurisdiction can be extended to the entire state and working hours may be 24X7.

eChallans submitted in the court are automatically filed to the virtual court for adjudication. 30 Lakhs challans have been received in Virtual Court and action has been taken on 29.4 lakhs challans. 125 Cr fine has been collected. eFiling provides a platform to advocates and litigants to file their cases online before High Courts and District Courts.

Use of Open Source Technology
The entire project is built on the foundation of open source technology. FOSS, without any licensing/ subscription charges, has been adopted for deploying ICT solutions at courts.

Note: The figures are up to January, 2022
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